Childhood Immunisations


    These are the routine vaccinations that are offered free of charge on the NHS to all babies and children in the UK.

    5-in-1 vaccine

    Protects against: diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, polio and Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b)

    Given at: 8, 12 and 16 weeks of age

    Read more about the 5-in-1 vaccine

    Pneumococcal or pneumo jab (PCV)

    Protects against: some types of pneumococcal infection

    Given at: 8 weeks, 16 weeks and one year of age

    Read more about the pneumococcal jab

    Rotavirus vaccine

    Protects against: rotavirus infection, a common cause of childhood diarrhoea and sickness

    Given at: 8 and 12 weeks of age

    Read more about the rotavirus vaccine

    Men B vaccine

    Protects against: meningitis (caused by meningococcal type B bacteria)

    Given at: 8 weeks, 16 weeks and one year of age

    Read more about the Men B vaccine.

    Hib/Men C vaccine

    Protects against: Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and meningitis caused by meningococcal group C bacteria

    Given at: one year of age

    Read more about the Hib/Men C vaccine.

    MMR vaccine

    Protects against: measles, mumps and rubella

    Given at: one year and at three years and four months of age

    Read more about the MMR jab

    Children's flu vaccine

    Protects against: flu

    Given at: annually as a nasal spray in Sept/Oct for ages two, three and four and children in primary school years one, two and three

    Read more about the flu vaccine for children

    4-in-1 pre-school booster

    Protects against: diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough and polio

    Given at: three years and four months of age

    Read more about the DTaP/IPV pre-school booster

    HPV vaccine (girls only)

    Protects against: cervical cancer

    Given at: 12-13 years as two injections at least six months apart

    Read more about the HPV vaccine

    3-in-1 teenage booster

    Protects against: tetanus, diphtheria and polio

    Given at: 14 years

    Read more about the 3-in-1 teenage booster

    Men ACWY vaccine

    Protects against: meningitis (caused by meningococcal types A, C, W and Y bacteria) 

    Given at: 14 years and new university students aged 19-25

    Read more about the Men ACWY vaccine

    Optional vaccinations

    These vaccinations are offered on the NHS in addition to the routine programme to "at-risk" groups of babies and children.

    Chickenpox vaccination

    Protects against: chickenpox

    Who needs it: siblings of children who have suppressed immune systems and are susceptible to chickenpox, for example because they're having cancer treatment or have had an organ transplant.

    Given: from one year of age upwards. Children receive two doses of chickenpox vaccine given four to eight weeks apart.

    Read more about the chickenpox jab

    BCG (tuberculosis) vaccination

    Protects against: tuberculosis (TB)

    Who needs it: babies and children who have a high chance of coming into contact with tuberculosis

    Given: from birth to 16 years of age

    Read more about the BCG vaccine

    Flu vaccination

    Protects against: flu

    Who needs it: children with certain medical conditions or a weakened immune system, which may put them at risk of complications from flu

    Given: for children between the ages of six months and two years as a single jab every year in September/November. For children aged two to 17 years of age as a nasal spray every year in September/November

    Read more about the nasal spray flu vaccine

    Read more about the flu jab

    Hepatitis B vaccination

    Protects against: hepatitis B

    Who needs it: children at high risk of exposure to hepatitis B, and babies born to infected mothers

    Given: at any age, as four doses are given over 12 months  a baby born to a mother infected with hepatitis B will be offered a dose at birth, one month of age, two months of age and one year of age

    Read more about the hepatitis B vaccine